Costa Rica has declared more than 25% of its land to National Parks and protected areas.
Within Costa Rica’s 51,200 square kilometers there is a wider variety of species of birds than in all of Europe or North America. Between the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean the active traveller will find active and sleeping volcanoes, cloud forests and rain forests, tropical dry forests as well as coffee plantations, bananas and sugar cane. Because of the incredible wildlife, and of its lush 1500 kilometers of tropical sun-bathed beaches and the wild diversity of flora and fauna to be found in its wide array of microclimates (most present in one or more of its National Parks), Costa Rica has justifiably earned its reputation of paradise regained. National Parks
The currency, the Colón, was named after Christopher Columbus, who landed in our caribean coast in 1.502.
Costa Rica was inhabited by an estimated 400,000 Indians when Columbus explored it in 1502. The Spanish conquest began in 1524. The region grew slowly and was administered as a Spanish province. Costa Rica achieved independence in 1821 but was absorbed for two years by Agustín de Iturbide in his Mexican empire. It became a republic in 1848.
Costa Rica is one of the of the oldest and more consolidated democracies in Latin America
In 1869, primary education for both sexes was declared obligatory and free of cost, defrayed by the State. In 1882 the death sentence was abolished.
Costa Rica has no military.
In the 1949 the armed forces were abolished and in 1983 Perpetual Neutrality was proclaimed.
Costa Rica is an allyear destination.
After the dry season from December to April the wet and green season with mostly rain in the late evenings and night brings spektakular Fauna and Flora. September and October are perfect to enjoy the Carribean Beaches and the famous Carneval in Limon.
Republica de Costa Rica
Capital and largest City
San Jose : 1.500.000 (metro area), 350.000 (city proper)
Borderd North: Nicaragua, South: Panama, West: Pacific, East: Atlantic,
total 51.200 square km.
Highest mountain: Cerro Chirripo (3810m)
About 5 Million
Under 5 %
White (incl. Mestizo) 94%, Black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Spanish (official), around Limon local version of English
Roman Catholik ca. 76%, Protestant ca.14%,
Oscar Arias Sanches (2006)
Climate / Wheather
Tropical to subtropical with only two seasons, wet (May – Nov,) and dry (Dec. – April)
Every foreigner, who is temporarily in the country has the right to receive health attention in hospitals and clinics in case of emergency, sudden illness or chronic disease.
At this time there is no official costa rican requirement of any particular vaccination. Normal vaccinations should be up to date.
Same standard than USA. (110 Volt)
Tourist Industrie, Export of Coffee, Bananas and Pinapple